Psychology News – 08 August, 2017

USDA Censoring Use of Term “Climate Change,” Email Reveals

Staff at the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) have been told to avoid using the term climate change in their work, with the officials instructed to reference “weather extremes” instead. A series of emails obtained by the Guardian between staff at the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), a USDA unit that oversees farmers’ land conservation , show that the incoming Trump administration…
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At Transgender Camp, Children as Young as 4 Find Safe Space

By JOCELYN GECKER, Associated Press EL CERRITO, Calif. (AP) — In some ways, Rainbow Day Camp is very ordinary. Kids arrive with a packed lunch, make friendship bracelets, play basketball, sing songs and get silly. But it is also extraordinarily unique, from the moment campers arrive each morning. At check-in each day, campers make a nametag with their pronoun of choice. Some opt for “she” or “he….
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Gene Related to Alzheimer’s Disease Plays Role in Childhood IQ

APP gene variation, which is linked to Alzheimer’s disease, has also been found to correlate to fluid intelligence in children. Mutations of the amyloid precursor protein gene are known to be involved in the development of Alzheimer’s disease. Now, new research points to a correlation between this gene and intellectual abilities in children, raising questions about the protein’s role in cognition…
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Highlights of the 37th San Francisco Jewish Film Festival

Source: Citizen Schein, courtesy SFJFF/Larsen One of my bohemian ambitions (and there are many) is to spend a year hopping from film festival to film festival here in our wonderful City by the Bay. It would be my later life wanderjahr-in-cinema. I do a pretty good job of Superfanning a few festivals (SFFilm, Third I, Buddhist Film Fest, Frameline, Docfest, Japan Film Fest, the Food and Farm Film…
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Put a Frame Around It

Source: Source: Creative Commons Not long ago, the novelist Jonathan Safran Foer bought a ticket for Game 1 of the 1965 World Series. It cost nine dollars. The game meant something to him, not so much for what happened in it as for what didn’t happen. Sandy Koufax was scheduled to pitch, but he declined because it was Yom Kippur. That gesture of religious principle made the game matter in a way…
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How an unlikely cellular ‘antenna’ can impair brain development

An antenna-like structure on cells, once considered a useless vestige, can cause defects in the brain’s wiring similar to what’s seen in autism, schizophrenia, and other disorders. In the lab, scientists prevented defects by restoring signaling though these structures called primary cilia….
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How an unlikely cellular ‘antenna’ can impair brain development

An antenna-like structure on cells, once considered a useless vestige, can cause defects in the brain’s wiring similar to what’s seen in autism, schizophrenia, and other disorders. In the lab, scientists prevented defects by restoring signaling though these structures called primary cilia….
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How to Live Deliberately

Source: Photo by Tim Bogdanov on Unsplash Welcome to my first dedicated column on the PT mothership. Thanks for stopping by. In this space I aim to explore inventive ways we can meet our needs — professionally, personally, collectively — within the impossible-seeming constraints of 21st-century family life. There is enough time to do what we’re aching to do, I’m convinced. But it’s going to take…
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Will New Brain Research Revolutionaize Mental Health Care?

The development of brain imaging and machine learning technologies has allowed researchers to peer into the brain in real time, as well as discern hidden patterns in brain and behavioral data. For mental health professionals, these new technologies hold the promise that one day we will be able to ‘carve nature at the joints’: diagnose and evaluate the treatment of mental illnesses using objective…
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Relieve Your Daily Stress With a To-Don’t List

The metabolism of modern life has speeded up exponentially. We’re flooded with data, emails, insistent new social media platforms, a voracious 24/7 news cycle, and endless new possibilities and alternatives, all demanding our immediate attention. How can we possibly cope? The default strategy for many people is to multitask. To do it all. But is that strategy really effective? Communications…
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The Problem with Assuming Others Are Perfect

I hear this similar sentiment from friends, colleagues and patients almost every single day. Individuals from every walk of life and particularly women want to know why everyone around them seems to be living a perfect life free of stress and unsettling life difficulties. You are probably one of these individuals. Very few of us are immune from the impact of the carefully selected images that are…
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Your Marriage and Social Media: The Grass Isn’t Greener

Source: pixabay, no attribution required All I wanted for Christmas… …was a 1999 Haro Zippo. No, not a lighter. A BMX freestyle bicycle. It was my late 90’s version of the Red Ryder BB gun from the 1983 Christmas movie, A Christmas Story. Except my mother wasn’t saying, “you’ll shoot your eye out!” Instead, it was, “you’ll skin your knees up!” I obsessed over the latest Haro Bicycle catalog…
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Limiting access to fast-food restaurants unlikely to reduce obesity

Living near fast-food restaurants and supermarkets has little impact on an individual’s body mass index, according to new research. The researchers used results from the largest national study ever conducted of the connection between residential environments and BMI….
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Researcher identifies potential way to reduce chronic pain

By identifying a molecule responsible for activating the body’s pain receptors, Professor Loren Martin of the University of Toronto Mississauga offers hope to the one-in-five Canadians reportedly suffering from chronic pain – and other sufferers worldwide. Martin, a behavioural neuroscientist working in collaboration with colleagues from McGill University and the University of North Carolina, has…
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Women have more active brains than men

In the largest functional brain imaging study to date, researchers compared 46,034 brain SPECT (single photon emission computed tomography) imaging studies provided by nine clinics, quantifying differences between the brains of men and women….
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MRI contrast agents accumulate in the brain

Experts have provided new guidance in the use of contrast agents during MRI scans. Emerging research suggests gadolinium-based contrast agents, injected in a patient’s veins to brighten tissues in MRI images, accumulate in the brain. More than 300 million doses of such drugs have been administered since their introduction in 1987….
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60,000 Psychs Say Trump Has “Serious Mental Illness”

Source: Flickr/Evan Guest cc license The group “Duty to Warn,” founded by influential psychotherapist Dr. John Gartner, has gathered nearly 60,000 signatures from mental health professionals on a petition calling for the removal of Donald Trump from office due to “serious mental illness that renders him psychologically incapable of competently discharging the duties of President of the United…
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Significance and Value

What to do with significance testing , the bench scientist’s statistical workhorse? Short of tossing it out once and for all, there are proposals to toughen conventional practice. These proposals seek a reduction in the errors that befall decision-making under uncertainty. A Type I error is a False Alarm (FA). It occurs when a result is declared statistically significant, although the null…
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30 Reasons You May Need a Grief Therapist

Source: Matus Laslofi/Flickr/CC by 2.0 To live is to grieve. Death affects each of us at some point in our life. The way we grieve is determined by a number of factors, such as our relationship with the deceased, our religious beliefs, and our previous experiences with death. Our style of grief, whether it is Intuitive (emotional) or Instrumental ( cognitive ), is also a contributing factor….
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New AI algorithm monitors sleep with radio waves

Researchers have devised a new way to monitor sleep without any kind of sensors attached to the body. Their sensor uses low-power radio waves that detect small changes in body movement caused by the patient’s breathing and pulse, then translates those measurements into sleep stages: light, deep, or rapid eye movement (REM)….
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Media portrayals of pregnant women, new moms unrealistic

Media portrayals of pregnant, postpartum women unrealistic, women said in a new study. Exposure to unrealistic images and messages fostered a host of negative emotions, such as self-consciousness about their bodies and feelings of depression, frustration and hopelessness when they were unable to lose weight as rapidly after childbirth as celebrities purportedly do….
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The Differences in Divorce for Men and Women

The divorce rate for a first marriage in America is between 40-50%. After a first divorce, the common assumption is that a second marriage will fare better from previous learned experience. The divorce rate for a second marriage is between 60-67%. Although many people who have divorced twice continue to marry again, the success rates are not in their favor. The divorce rate for a third marriage…
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Be a Superconnector—Not a Networker

VIDEO How do you “show love ” in your professional life? It sounds like a crazy question, but according to former Yahoo Chief Solutions Officer Tim Sanders, being genuinely selfless is actually the best thing you can do for your career . His newest book is Love Is the Killer App: How to Win At Business and Influence Friends. Discover the three ways you can show love in the professional world, the…
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Scared Witless

By Ellen Airhart Crime is down and life expectancy is up, but in his new book, journalist Sasha Abramsky makes the case that Americans remain deep in the suffocating grasp of irrational fear. In Jumping at Shadows: The Triumph of Fear and the End of the American Dream , he explores the influence of fear on how we vote, travel, and raise our children. Source: Courtesy of Hachette Book Group What…
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Bilingual babies listen to language

Scientists report that bilingual infants as young as 20 months of age efficiently and accurately process two languages….
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The Key to Mental and Cognitive Health Is This Diet: Dr. Drew Ramsey

submitted by /u/artificialbrainxyz [link] [comments]…
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On That Google Memo About Sex Differences

A Google employee recently shared a memo that referenced some of my scholarly research on psychological sex differences (e.g., personality traits, mate preferences, status-seeking). Alongside other evidence, the employee argued, in part, that this research indicates affirmative action policies based on biological sex are misguided. Maybe, maybe not. Let me explain. I think it’s really important…
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How Taking Photos Affects Your Memory of the Moment Later On

New York Magazine : Recently I transferred a stash of photos from my iPad to my computer. As the hundred-some photos flashed by on the screen, I found myself reliving the full panoply of emotions from memories long forgotten. Such is the power of photographs — which is why my friends and I are fans of the saying that if something wasn’t captured by camera, it’s like it never happened….
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After a Breakdown A Father Cares for his Son

Father Malcolm’s story of his son, Holden, now in his midthirties, reveals the quiet heroism of parents caring for a troubled child at home. We began by talking about Holden’s boyhood. Source: Stphen Arnold Public Domain Holden was a happy child, ebullient, sweet and caring, with a sense of humor , who grew rather serious in his teens. Like his brothers, he was home-schooled, in part because all…
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How to Mindfully Parent in Real Life

It was hot and humid so I was already cranky when I noticed I was out of baby wipes. Also toilet paper… and paper towels. It was the triad of missing goods that requires the unavoidable—a trek to Costco. Like any rational human being, I’d prefer to do Costco trips unencumbered by the small people. But I have obstinately refused to sacrifice precious weekend time for that errand. So, with a silent…
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What We Finally Got Around to Learning at the Procrastination Research Conference

The New York Times : The shuttle driver got lost on the way to the 10th Procrastination Research Conference, threatening to derail the schedule. Still by 9:20 a.m. last Thursday, the 60 or so attendees had already completed check-in at DePaul University, welcome remarks and the first of dozens of presentations. As they filed toward the coffee, their badges flashed their countries of origin — Germ…
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Dwelling in the Conflict

Behind some of the 20th century’s most iconic love songs is a series of prolonged, tense, irreconcilable conflicts. In the writing room and the recording studio, John Lennon and Paul McCartney were everything their music wasn’t: disharmonious, discordant, hostile. As professional partners, their worldviews couldn’t have been more different. Lennon, the Artist, was the nonconformist, always looking…
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Important Tips on How to Let Go and Free Yourself

​ “To let go does not mean to get rid of. To let go means to let be. When we let be with compassion, things come and go on their own.” –Jack Kornfield Holding on to pain doesn’t fix anything. Replaying the past over and over again doesn’t change it, and wishing things were different doesn’t make it so. In some cases, especially when it comes to the past, all you can do is accept whatever…
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Automated measure of nighttime oxygen levels could speed diagnosis of sleep apnea

Computer analysis of oxygen levels in the blood during sleep could — by itself — provide an easy, relatively inexpensive and sufficiently reliable way to determine which children who snore habitually could benefit from a diagnosis and treatment for obstructive sleep apnea. This approach was most accurate for children with severe apnea….
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Five Obstacles Men Overcome to Accept Mental Health Problems

Acceptance of a mental health problem is one of the most critical and difficult stages of recovery. In my book, Acceptance of Mental Illness: Promoting Recovery Across Cultural Groups , I use acceptance to refer to the process of recognizing and actively managing a mental health problem. One of my research findings is that the process of acceptance is particularly affected by gender…
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Can Nudging Help Students who are Homeless and Hungry?

Source: Garry Knight/Flickr As students head to campus this fall, they must confront the hidden costs of college: books, supplies, transportation, and more. But many must also figure out how to pay for food to eat and a place to live. Unfortunately, some will struggle to cover these basic needs, forcing them to attend classes while hungry and/or homeless, reduce their course load, or withdraw…
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Dealing with Loneliness

Source: swissmediavision/iStock Loneliness is part of the human condition. Everyone experiences it. It may be caused by circumstances that are easy to identify such as moving away from family, or when good friends grow apart. It can be gnawing in the background of a relationship that on the surface seems like a dream come true. We may even feel lonelier due to our own decisions, as in leaving an…
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Ependymoma: Symptoms and treatment

Ependymoma is a rare tumor. Ependymoma cancer is a rare tumor that occurs in the brain and spinal cord. Ependymomas can develop in all age groups but are more common in children. The exact cause of these tumors is unknown. In this article, we look at the types, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of ependymoma cancer. Fast facts about ependymoma cancer Ependymoma is a glial tumor of the cells that…
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How Facial Hair Changes A Man’s Attractivity

Are beards attractive? And if so, how much should men grow? Women judge fully bearded men to be a better bet for long-term relationships, new research finds. This might be because it makes men look more ‘formidable’. Certainly, beards make men look older and more aggressive. Beards are also often judged to make men look like they have higher social status. However, for short-term relationships…
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How Smart Should a Leader Be?

“Once someone has reached an IQ of somewhere around 120, having additional IQ points doesn’t seem to translate into any measurable real-world advantage. ” Malcolm Gladwell “Sometimes I wonder whether the world is being run by smart people who are putting us on or by imbeciles who really mean it.” Mark Twain What makes a good leader? While we can talk about the need for a leader to be strong…
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Midlife cardiovascular risk factors may increase chances of dementia

A large, long-term study suggests that middle aged Americans who have vascular health risk factors, including diabetes, high blood pressure and smoking, have a greater chance of suffering from dementia later in life….
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How sugar affects the brain?

submitted by /u/artificialbrainxyz [link] [comments]…
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Overdosed America

I remember sitting thinking to myself, “how did I get here”? Source: smartstock/iStock Photo At that moment in time, a patient was voicing displeasure to me because I would not prescribe opioid pain medications for a chronic pain complaint that did not warrant such medications. It wasn’t the first time, and it certainly wouldn’t be the last. I had provided several other medical recommendations…
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Playing on Team Relationship

You can’t be in a relationship only for yourself. Both parties have to give 100 percent to get 100 percent. If you are part of a strong team, you can accomplish much more than any two individuals on their own. And it’s very empowering to know that the one you love is covering your blind side. It can give you the confidence you need to be your best. If you doubt your partner’s loyalty…
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Surprising ways your partner can affect your health

Who you choose to spend your life with could significantly affect your health. Your choice of partner can affect your health in many ways, both positively and negatively. Anything from their exercise habits and working hours to their personality can have an impact on your well-being. We investigate the surprising ways that your significant other can affect your health. Whether you are in a new…
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Midlife cardiovascular risk factors may increase chances of dementia

A large, long-term study suggests that middle aged Americans who have vascular health risk factors, including diabetes, high blood pressure and smoking, have a greater chance of suffering from dementia later in life….
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Judge attacks mental health provision after approving care plan for suicidal girl

Sir James Munby says situation demonstrates country’s ‘utterly shaming’ lack of proper mental health provision A suicidal 17-year-old girl is to be moved to a secure unit on Thursday after a senior judge warned that plans to release her because of a shortage of secure beds for mental health patients would leave “blood on our hands”. But in his latest ruling in the case of the youngster known only…
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Connor Sparrowhawk death: NHS clinician admits string of failings

A consultant psychiatrist has admitted a string of failings over the death of a vulnerable teenager who drowned in a bath at an NHS care unit. Connor Sparrowhawk, 18, had an epileptic seizure while in the bath at Slade House, Oxfordshire, in July 2013. An inquest jury in 2015 found a number of serious failings by Southern Health NHS foundation trust contributed to the death of the teenager…
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Mental health services are in crisis but we NHS bosses can change this

There has been a lot of talk about mental health and the need to combat stigma, but this has done little to improve the experience of people using services. That, at least, is the concern some have expressed. I want to offer another perspective. The need for bold, decisive action to improve the lot of people with lived experience of mental health issues is illustrated by an analysis published…
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“Form-a-Palooza” Applies Behavioral Science to Improve Washington, DC Government Forms

It’s not every day that city residents get excited to complete paperwork. But that’s exactly what happened when a group of behavioral scientists, design experts, government agency representatives, and DC citizens gathered for Washington, DC’s inaugural “Form-a-Palooza.” This event, hosted by DC Mayor Muriel Bowser and the new evidence-based policy group The Lab @ DC , sought to bring together…
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Heart-healthy middle age tied to lower risk of dementia

The results of a recent study have shown that avoiding certain modifiable risk factors in middle age can reduce a person’s likelihood of developing dementia later in life. The chance of developing dementia is tied to a number of factors, including some that can also influence cardiovascular health, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and smoking. A new study shows that having these risk factor…
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Surprising ways your partner can affect your health

Who you choose to spend your life with could significantly affect your health. Your choice of partner can affect your health in many ways, both positively and negatively. Anything from their exercise habits and working hours to their personality can have an impact on your well-being. We investigate the surprising ways that your significant other can affect your health. Whether you are in a new…
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A Little Happier: Why Andy Warhol (and I) Want To Have a Boss–on Retainer.

I agree wholeheartedly with Andy Warhol. Sometimes I wish I had a boss who could tell me what to do, so I wouldn’t have to figure it out myself. Often, for me, the toughest part is figuring out what to tell myself to do. Here’s the actual quotation, from The Philosophy of Andy Warhol (From A to B and Back Again) , a book I love and have re-read several times: When I think about what sort…
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Beware of the Power Elite in Society

Source: Sociologicalimagination The late, visionary sociologist C. Wright Mills stated in 1956 that acts of elite deviance that cause social harm, regardless of their criminality in a legal sense, are part of the “higher immorality of the power elite.” Who are the power elite? Mills observed that a small group of wealthy and powerful individuals controlled America’s dominant institutions…
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Increase Your Body Confidence: 3 Steps that You Can Practice Today

Americans spend billions of dollars on weight-loss and workout programs in order to try to achieve the “perfect body.” Advertisements promise confidence, improved self-esteem, impeccable health, and romance once the perfect body is achieved. The myth that we are presented with is that we are just not trying hard enough if we aren’t thin. The ads, and even our healthcare system, do not acknowledge…
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Understanding how persuasion works can make consumers more savvy

When someone offers a free sample, it’s not really free. It comes with the implied expectation that if a person accepts it, he or she will feel obligated to return the favor and eventually pay for the full product. That’s just one of the…

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