Psychology News – 05 August, 2017

A Feminist Critique of Marriage

At a time of unparalleled social freedom, can we imagine a better way of living?…
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Trying to Help People Help Themselves Can Be Challenging

Never underestimate the degree to which our emotions influence our processing of information related to decision making….
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Do You Get Exhausted in Crowds?

Do you get exhausted in crowds? You may be an empathic…
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The Real Reason You Should Laugh Today

Laughter has long been regarded as a healing remedy of sorts. Laugher is not only beneficial for the soul, and one’s spirit, but laughter therapy is currently being utilized alongside traditional therapy and/or medication for those suffering from anxiety, and other depressive symptoms. Since a person’s moods can ebb and flow while he/she rides the waves of life, even without an anxiety/depressive…
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YOU HAVE THE POWER TO SHAPE YOUR BRAIN: Dr.Lara Boyd

submitted by /u/artificialbrainxyz [link] [comments]…
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All the Stars of Food and Mood

The best and the brightest of nutritional psychiatry have come together for an amazing conference at the nation’s capital….
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Mental Down Time Affects Learning

“All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy,” might be re-framed, “all work and no rest makes Jack a poor learner.”…
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Book Review: 8 Keys to Recovery from an Eating Disorder Workbook

Our society continues to be obsessed with body image and body shaming. Young girls and boys are placed at a disadvantage if they feel they do not measure up, and often feel they have to conform to societies “ideal” body shape. Authors Carolyn Costin and Gwen Schubert Grabb write that their book, 8 Keys to Recovery from an Eating Disorder can be useful for anyone who has self-defeating…
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Modularity metric summarizes network fragmentation to explain aphasia recovery differences

Investigators report that white matter network fragmentation in relatively spared brain areas explains variations in aphasia recovery after strokes….
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Why are doctors underusing a drug to treat opioid addiction?

A drug approved for private physicians to treat opioid addiction is being underprescribed, and a survey of addiction specialists suggests that many of them are not willing to increase their use of it, despite an expanding opioid addiction epidemic in the United States, according to new research….
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Quitting statins after stroke may raise risk of another stroke

Stroke patients who stopped taking statin drugs three to six months after a first ischemic stroke, the type caused by narrowed arteries, had a higher risk of a having another stroke within a year…
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Alzheimer’s Gene Linked to Late-Life Depression

The APOE gene, which has been implicated in risk for Alzheimer’s disease, also increases risk for late-life depression, new research suggests. Medscape Medical News…
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New Agent Promising for Negative Schizophrenia Symptoms

In a phase 2b trial, treatment with the investigational agent MIN-101 led to an improvement in negative symptoms of schizophrenia. Medscape Medical News…
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Psychological Scientist Elected to Royal Irish Academy

APS Fellow J.A. Scott Kelso of Florida Atlantic University (FAU) recently was admitted to the Royal Irish Academy, Ireland’s leading body of experts in sciences and humanities. Membership is awarded to individuals who have made significant contributions to education and research. Kelso is one of five honorary members of the Academy. Honorary membership is given to academics who had made major…
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Why Patriarchy Is Not About Men

I see this as the core source of violence: the physical, emotional, and spiritual brutalization of boys and men….
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The Three Most Dangerous Topics in Relationships

Sex, money, and kids—the three power issues in relationships, the ones that cause power struggles and acting out. How to navigate them and use them to help you define your needs….
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Regrets in Life: A Good or Bad Thing?

Which regrets are more powerful—the ones that involve mistakes we have made, or the ones that involve things we didn’t do?…
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Neuroplasticity Gives You The Power To Shape The Brain You Want: Dr.Lara Boyd

submitted by /u/artificialbrainxyz [link] [comments]…
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The neuroscience of inequality: does poverty show up in children’s brains?

The Guardian : With its bright colours, anthropomorphic animal motif and nautical-themed puzzle play mat, Dr Kimberly Noble’s laboratory at Columbia University in New York looks like your typical day-care centre – save for the team of cognitive neuroscientists observing kids from behind a large two-way mirror…
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There are 3 types of smile – reward, affiliation, dominance
Wired / By LIBBY PLUMMER
There are three distinct types of smile, a new study has revealed. People switch between ‘reward’, ‘affiliation’ and ‘dominance’ smiles, using different facial muscle combinations to make them, according to researchers from the University of Wisconsin-Madison…
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Wired : There are three distinct types of smile, a new study has revealed. People switch between ‘reward’, ‘affiliation’ and ‘dominance’ smiles, using different facial muscle combinations to make them, according to researchers from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. … “When distinguishing among smiles, both scientists and laypeople have tended to focus on true and false smiles,” said…
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How Loneliness Affects Your Brain

Lonely people quickly move to the edges of social networks — here’s why. • Try one of PsyBlog’s ebooks, all written by Dr Jeremy Dean: Activate: How To Find Joy Again By Changing What You Do (NEW) The Anxiety Plan: 42 Strategies For Worry, Phobias, OCD and Panic Spark: 17 Steps That Will Boost Your Motivation For Anything…
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Diabetes drug shows potential as disease-modifying therapy for Parkinson’s disease

A drug commonly used to treat diabetes may have disease-modifying potential to treat Parkinson’s disease, a new study suggests, paving the way for further research to define its efficacy and safety….
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The “Right” Way Is Your Way, Isn’t It?

When a couple has differences in the way each has always done things it can be a topic of interesting discussion or a source of frequent conflict….
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Employment for All Americans Is Ideal

When we talk about global trade, countries with well-documented protectionist practices like China, Russia and Japan come to mind….
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How to Befriend the Unknown

We fear the unknown. Which is why we stay in bad relationships, in jobs we hate and in other situations that are not good for us. Because what if the alternative — the nebulous, nameless alternative — is worse? We find comfort in the familiar — even if that comfort isn’t very comfortable. It’s the known, and the known feels as cozy as an old, tattered and torn sweater, even if it keeps us cold….
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Verbal aggression by patients linked with higher level of anger among mental health nurses than physical advances, new research shows

Exposure to targeted, personal and verbal aggression by patients can adversely affect mental health nurses decision-making regarding physical restraint, new research reveals….
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New mindfulness method helps coaches, athletes score

When it comes to success in sports, coaches and athletes understand that there’s a mental component, but many don’t have an understanding of how to prepare psychologically. That’s where the concept of mindfulness can be beneficial, via a program to help athletes and coaches at all levels develop that mental edge and improve their performance….
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Diabetes drug shows potential as disease-modifying therapy for Parkinson’s disease

A drug commonly used to treat diabetes may have disease-modifying potential to treat Parkinson’s disease, a new study suggests, paving the way for further research to define its efficacy and safety….
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Improving students’ academic performance — there’s an app for that

A mobile learning app that uses game elements such as leaderboards and digital badges may have positive effects on student academic performance, engagement, and retention, according to a new study. Researchers developed a fully customizable app that allowed lecturers to push quizzes based on course content directly to their students’ devices in order to motivate them, increase their competitiveness…
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Parents have more conflicts with their in-laws than do childless couples

Intergenerational relations include various forms of help and support but also tensions and conflicts. Although relations with in-laws are the subject of many anecdotes and proverbs across cultures, they remain little studied in contemporary societies. A new study investigates how being a parent is associated with conflicts between family generations….
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Older adults with HIV: An overlooked population?

When it comes to HIV prevention and treatment, there is a growing population that is being overlooked — older adults — and implicit ageism is partially responsible for this neglect, according to new research….
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How long do batters ‘keep their eye on the ball?’ Eye and head movements differ when swinging or taking a pitch

Where are baseball batters looking during the fraction of a second when a pitched ball is in their air? Their visual tracking strategies differ depending on whether they’re swinging at the pitch, reports a study….
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We tolerate political lies for shared views, study suggests

People have more leniency for politicians’ lies when they bolster a shared belief that a specific political stance is morally right, new research demonstrates….
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Muscle protein helps to control sleep

Sleep is not solely controlled by the brain, say researchers, who have identified a protein in skeletal muscle that influences sleep-related behaviors….
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The Psychiatric Scapegoating of Michelle Carter

The woman convicted in the texting-suicide case is guilty of no crime….
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Why humans find faulty robots more likeable

Researchers have examined how people react to robots that exhibit faulty behavior compared to perfectly performing robots. The results show that the participants took a significantly stronger liking to the faulty robot than the robot that interacted flawlessly….
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Coming face-to-face with disability could end supernatural myth-making in Africa

Many people in rural African communities still believe that disability is caused by supernatural forces, curses and as ‘punishment’ for wrongdoings, according to research….
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Diabetes shot boosts motor function for patients with Parkinson’s

A placebo trial shows that the diabetes drug exenatide improved motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease and may have disease-altering potential….
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How can PTSD trigger Alzheimer’s disease? Study sheds light

A new study finds a molecular link between early life post-traumatic stress disorder and the risk of Alzheimer’s disease in old age….
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Left, right, or ambidextrous: What determines hand preference?

The first signs of preferring one hand over the other start in the womb – as early as 9 weeks after conception – but genes may only play a minor role….
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Neuroplasticity pathways and protein-interaction networks are modulated by vortioxetine in rodents

The identification of biomarkers that predict susceptibility to major depressive disorder and treatment response to antidepressants is a major challenge. Vortioxetine is a novel multimodal antidepressant that…
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Five Things You Need to Know About Child Mental Health

Start planning now for your child’s transition back to school!…
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NHS finds bed for teenager at risk of suicide

Girl, 17, to be placed in undisclosed low secure unit after senior judge warned country would have ‘blood on our hands’ if she were not moved for treatment The NHS has found a hospital to look after the suicidal 17-year-old girl whose plight led a judge to warn that the country would have “blood on our hands” if a bed could not be located. Dr Mike Prentice, NHS England’s medical director for its…
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I don’t want to leave my husband but I feel suffocated and am having an affair

My relationship with my husband feels more like one between mother and son than between equals. Annalisa Barbieri advises a reader I’ve been with my husband for eight years and we have been married for three. We are in our mid-30s and still haven’t decided if we want to have children. I am more hesitant than him. I have left my home country, family and friends to live with him….
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Nootropic Effects of Psychedelic and Addictive Substances

In my previous article on the subject of nootropics, I was writing about brain enhancing effects of some medicines and natural compounds. There is, however, a large number of nootropics that received little recognition from official science and remain rather poorly studied. There is a good reason for this too – these compounds tend to be addictive or hallucinogenic. This article aims to cover…
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Obstacles to Mental Health Care in Auto Accident Cases

Battlefront Michigan for quality of life…
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Cultural activities may influence the way we think

A new study suggests that cultural activities, such as the use of language, influence our learning processes, affecting our ability to collect different kinds of data, make connections between them, and infer a desirable mode of behavior from them….
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Cultural activities may influence the way we think

A new study suggests that cultural activities, such as the use of language, influence our learning processes, affecting our ability to collect different kinds of data, make connections between them, and infer a desirable mode of behavior from them….
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Yoga can help to treat depression, studies show

New studies presented at the American Psychological Association’s annual convention indicate that yoga can help to reduce symptoms of depression….
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Five Elixirs for Revitalizing Love and Intimacy

Here are five easy ways to improve your relationship, and four intimacy killers to work on eliminating….
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Brain tumor scientists map mutation that drives tumors in childhood cancer survivors

Neuroscientists have uncovered the genetic basis for why many long-term survivors of childhood cancer develop meningiomas, the most common adult brain tumor, decades after their treatment with cranial radiation….
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Your Brain is Not a Computer

It may seem redundant to say this, but your brain is not a computer . It never has been and it never will be. Your consciousness won’t be downloaded into a computer in your or my lifetime. Computers are technology-based tools that only do what they are told (programmed) to do. Your brain, on the other hand, began life with a set of reflexes it was never taught. Your brain re-experiences things…
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Brain tumor scientists map mutation that drives tumors in childhood cancer survivors

Neuroscientists have uncovered the genetic basis for why many long-term survivors of childhood cancer develop meningiomas, the most common adult brain tumor, decades after their treatment with cranial radiation….
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Blood test to detect brain metastases while still treatable

Cancer researchers are closer to creating a blood test that can identify breast cancer patients who are at increased risk for developing brain metastasis, and also monitor disease progression and response to therapy in real time….
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Cognitive hearing aid filters out the noise

Brain activity to determine whether a subject is conversing with a specific speaker would be very useful for the hearing impaired. Using deep neural network models, researchers have made a breakthrough in auditory attention decoding methods and are coming closer to making cognitively controlled hearing aids a reality….
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Muscle, not brain, may hold answers to some sleep disorders

Scientists exploring the brain for answers to certain sleep disorders may have been looking in the wrong place, suggests new research….
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Cognitive hearing aid filters out the noise

Brain activity to determine whether a subject is conversing with a specific speaker would be very useful for the hearing impaired. Using deep neural network models, researchers have made a breakthrough in auditory attention decoding methods and are coming closer to making cognitively controlled hearing aids a reality….
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True Optimism and the Path to Meaning

Do you believe that life just happens to you? A lesson in true freedom can help you cope….
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Why Do We Kiss on the Lips?

The startling answer is more than tongue in cheek…
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Does Science Really Say There’s No Purpose to Life?

Many scientists see humanity as just a cosmic accident. But in a recent journal article, I describe a natural process that could have endowed humanity with an ultimate purpose….
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Three Signs Your Teen Needs Therapy

Red flags that demand attention….
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When Is Speech Violence and What’s the Real Harm?

When protesters equate speech with violence, we aren’t surprised. But now at least one academic is using science to validate the claim. Is it just harmless rhetoric?…
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Anger, Anxiety, Resentment, Stress, and Basic Humanity

Your chances of consistently managing anger, anxiety, resentment, and stress, without becoming a better person, are practically zero….
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Machine Learning May Improve Schizophrenia Diagnosis

A machine learning approach that uses artificial intelligence to examine millions of brain cortical links can identify schizophrenia cases with a high degree of accuracy, new research shows. Medscape Medical News…
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New Mindfulness Method Helps Coaches, Athletes Score

Sessions can help athletes at all levels develop mental edge, psychologist says…
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Older Adults With HIV: An Overlooked Population?

Stigma due to age, sexual orientation, HIV status contributes to poor mental, physical health…
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How to Deal with a Workplace Psychopath

Science has identified what it means to be a ‘successful psychopath.’ Here’s how to stay mentally strong when you have to deal with a psychopath in the workplace….
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What is Generalized Anxiety Disorder?

Anxiety disorders are the most common mental illness in the U.S., affecting 40 million adults 18 years of age and older, or 18% of the population (National Institute of Mental Health). Although highly treatable, only one-third of anxiety sufferers seek treatment (Association and Depression Association of America). In contrast to people who don’t suffer with anxiety, people with anxiety disorders…
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Overweight Patients May Face Health Care Discrimination

Overweight patients may face a different set of challenges in the doctor’s office, according to a review of recent research presented at the 125th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association. The researchers found that the medical complaints of obese patients are often disregarded by doctors as symptoms of their obesity alone, and therefore not properly treated….
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Blinded with Science!

Hearing speech you don’t like can cause physical injury. Really?…
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Lectin – The New Food Bogeyman

Do you want to get rich on the internet? Here is a simple formula. First, purge yourself of any ethics or scruples you may have. Suppress any urge for intellectual honesty. Next, pretend you are an expert. Actual expertise is not necessary. In fact, you don’t even need a basic 5th grade level of knowledge. There are titles you can grant yourself to easily accomplish this step: life coach…
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Age Difference Between Partners May Become an Issue Over Time

Although being married to someone significantly younger may be fun at first, a new study finds that a large age gap between spouses is linked to declining marital satisfaction over time. Specifically, University of Colorado Boulder investigators found men and women both report greater marital satisfaction with younger spouses, but that satisfaction fades over time in marriages with a significant…
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New Research From Psychological Science

Read about the latest research published in Psychological Science : What’s Worth Talking About? Information Theory Reveals How Children Balance Informativeness and Ease of Production Colin Bannard, Marla Rosner, and Danielle Matthews Greenfield’s principle of informativeness suggests that children comment on things they find uncommon or uncertain rather than on things that are constant or can be…
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Grit, Grittier

What is grit? Is grit muscling through weekend traffic on 495 and 95 to and from visiting your rising 10th grader at her theater camp’s performance day? Sadly, no. That’s different…
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The Baby Box Craze

Many states are jumping on the Baby Box bandwagon. To accurately model the Finland Baby Box, programs that promote social connection, such as home visiting, must also be in place….
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4 Steps of Crisis Response-acknowledge, Accept, Allow, Adapt

Do you let the negative—or even cataclysmic—events in your life become “part of the story” or do you cling to that moment and turn that moment into your story?…
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Knowledge of Cognitive Decline May Harm Quality of Life

New research suggests a person’s awareness of a diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment or mild Alzheimer’s may lead to unintended consequences. Researchers at Penn Medicine discovered a person’s awareness of their cognitive decline is associated with greater depression, higher stress, and a lower quality of life, than that experienced by individuals unaware of their diagnosis. Investigators also…
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Finding “Unicorns:” Questions to Ask Before You Invest in a Startup

Many people ask me about startup investing and how to get started. This post — while for informational purposes only and not investment advice — is intended to show you how one successful investor approached the early-stage game. Jason Calacanis ( @jason ) has made 125 early-stage startup investments and picked 6 “unicorns” (startups to exceed $1B in valuation) — one out of every 21. Based on his…
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Sexual Assault May Trigger Involuntary Paralysis

“Tonic immobility” hinders the ability to fight and is linked to high rates of depression and PTSD — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com…
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Exercise Top Lifestyle Factor for Alzheimer’s Prevention?

Of all lifestyle interventions that may aid in preventing dementia, a growing body of research suggests exercise may be king. Medscape Medical News…
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Best of Our Blogs: August 4, 2017

“Joy, collected over time, fuels resilience.” – Brene Brown Everything is connected. This means when we’re physically ill our emotional body is also affected. When we’re sad, and full of despair, our body feels it. One cannot separate one from the other. As a mother, all of my time is spent on my children. It’s easy to gloss over my own needs for their own. But over time, both my physical…
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Social Media Makes Us Feel Good, Fuels Repeat Behavior

New research reveals that becoming hooked to social media is a learned response. That is, if accessing a social media site results in a positive experience, an individual will want to repeatedly visit the site. The finding helps to explain the difficulty people have when they attempt to regulate their use of social media. Michigan State University’s Allison Eden, and researchers from…
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How Couples Resolve Disagreements About Sex

Why it’s easier to have a warm conversation with your partner about sex than about any other topic….
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23andMe Aims to Crack Depression’s Biological Code

The study will enroll 25,000 patients and combine data from genetics, cognitive tests, and online surveys to explore how genetics is related to depression and bipolar illness. Medscape Medical News…
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NHS to assess three hospitals to determine care for suicidal girl

Officials to evaluate whether beds identified in three hospitals could provide right care for girl believed to be at suicide risk NHS officials are to spend the day assessing whether three hospitals can provide proper care for a girl who is believed to be at serious risk of taking her own life when she is released from youth custody in 10 days’ time, and for whom no bed could be found. Her urgent…
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We have an ingrained anti-profit bias that blinds us to the social benefits of free markets

By Christian Jarrett “Harnessing the ‘base’ motive of material self-interest to promote the common good is perhaps the most important social invention mankind has yet achieved,” said the American economist Charles Schultz. And you can see why. While acknowledging its problems, many credit free market capitalism for the dramatic reduction over recent decades in the proportion of people in the…
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A new Botulinum Neurotoxin discovered – has the potential to treat a number of medical conditions

The first new Botulinum Neurotoxin in almost half a century has been discovered by researchers at Stockholm University and Harvard Medical School….
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A positive mood from listening to music broadens our auditory attention.

An addition to the literature from Putkinen et al. expanding on previous findings that positive mood broadens visual attention: Previous studies indicate that positive mood broadens the scope of visual attention, which can manifest as heightened distractibility. We used event-related potentials (ERP) to investigate whether music-induced positive mood has comparable effects on selective attention…
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The Ring to Rule Them All – Tinnitus

Baby Driver, the most recent theatrical offering from director Edgar Wright (Hot Fuzz, Scott Pilgrim vs. The World), not only makes the first generation iPod (which now passes as a body double for a paperweight) look cool again, but also brings to light an interesting auditory condition that affects nearly 10% of the population – […]…
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What Keeps Partners From Cheating?

Infidelity generally leads to pain and suffering for all involved, and is the most common factor in divorce. How do we resist temptation, making it more likely we’ll stay together?…
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Failure to Listen

A short-short story about suppression and commitment bias…

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